American football is a process of extremely fierce competition,block, intercept and collision are an integral part of the game, and it can also be a major feature of American football.In order to protect the safety of the players, the players avoid injury delayed match,NFL and the NCAA Jerseys requires that all players must “wear protective gear appropriate and legitimate,” can play.
1900 years ago when playing American football,most players in accordance with individual needs, lightly on the shoulder or thigh when the former Serbian pieces of cloth to pad, with all kinds of strange.With the evolution rules of the game, all the protective gear used in years are also different.
Basically, each player must wear a full set of protective gear from head to toe total of:
1. Helmet
By the shell, armor frame (face mask) and the chin strap (chin strap) and other components to reduce the face nose and mouth in particular the possibility of injury.
2.Shoulder pads
To avoid the collision as a result of shoulder dislocation, and the protection of the chest and ribs. Members must post in accordance with its role to choose the right shoulder and chest pad.
3.Elbow pads
Especially in the artificial turf field, due to the ground rather hard, the players must be equipped with elbow pads to avoid elbow contusion.
4.Gloves
Some players used to the benefit of catching with gloves, or warm in cold weather use.
5.Hip pads
To protect the players waist, hip and groin, to resist sliding, collision, interception and air fall and so on.
6.Thigh pads
Protection of the thigh muscle, to avoid being trampled or other damage.
7.Knee pads
And elbow, as in artificial turf on the special needs, mostly from the thick, made of flexible foam.
8.Cleats
Players need to wear a different shoe to adapt to change venue.
9.Uniform (NFL Jerseys)
Formed by the jets and the pants are usually made of nylon and elastic, with enough flexibility.Each player’s jet must be embroidered on the number,chest large numbers at least 8 inches (20.3 cm or more),the number behind is to have 10-inch (25.4 cm) or more, only compliance.Not the color of jersey and ball color (brown or brown) the same.
10.Football
American football the ball slightly smaller than the rugby,the ball’s long from 11 to 11.5 inches, the long axis of the ellipse for the 28 to 28.5 inches, the short axis from 21.25 to 21.5 inches, 14 to 15 ounce weight.
In addition,players also needed to kick-off a tee in the frame,mostly small plastic tripods.and the referees must each carry a yellow handkerchief,As a penalty marker or flag,in the case when there is foul foul of the place where to throw.